sqlite-transform

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sqlite-transform

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Tool for running transformations on columns in a SQLite database.

How to install

$ pip install sqlite-transform

parsedate and parsedatetime

These subcommands will run all values in the specified column through dateutils.parser.parse() and replace them with the result, formatted as an ISO timestamp or ISO date.

For example, if a row in the database has an opened column which contains 10/10/2019 08:10:00 PM, running the following command:

$ sqlite-transform parsedatetime my.db mytable opened

Will result in that value being replaced by 2019-10-10T20:10:00.

Using the parsedate subcommand here would result in 2019-10-10 instead.

In the case of ambiguous dates such as 03/04/05 these commands both default to assuming American-style mm/dd/yy format. You can pass --dayfirst to specify that the day should be assumed to be first, or --yearfirst for the year.

jsonsplit

The jsonsplit subcommand takes columns that contain a comma-separated list, for example a tags column containing records like "trees,park,dogs" and converts it into a JSON array ["trees", "park", "dogs"].

This is useful for taking advantage of Datasette's Facet by JSON array feature.

$ sqlite-transform jsonsplit my.db mytable tags

It defaults to splitting on commas, but you can specify a different delimiter character using the --delimiter option, for example:

$ sqlite-transform jsonsplit \
    my.db mytable tags --delimiter ';'

Values within the array will be treated as strings, so a column containing 123,552,775 will be converted into the JSON array ["123", "552", "775"].

You can specify a different type for these values using --type int or --type float, for example:

$ sqlite-transform jsonsplit \
    my.db mytable tags --type int

This will result in that column being converted into [123, 552, 775].

lambda for executing your own code

The lambda subcommand lets you specify Python code which will be executed against the column.

Here's how to convert a column to uppercase:

$ sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn --code='str(value).upper()'

The code you provide will be compiled into a function that takes value as a single argument. You can break your function body into multiple lines, provided the last line is a return statement:

$ sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn --code='value = str(value)
return value.upper()'

You can also specify Python modules that should be imported and made available to your code using one or more --import options:

$ sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn \
    --code='"\n".join(textwrap.wrap(value, 10))' \
    --import=textwrap

The --dry-run option will output a preview of the transformation against the first ten rows, without modifying the database.

Terminology warning

This tool uses the word "transform" to mean something different from the sqlite-utils transform command.

In sqlite-utils, "transform" is used to describe running complex alter table statements, see Executing advanced ALTER TABLE operations in SQLite

sqlite-transform uses the term to describe performing a transformation or conversion on every value in a column.

I apologize for this confusion! I wish I had used different names for these two concepts.