sqlite-transform by simonw

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README

sqlite-transform

No longer maintained PyPI Changelog Tests License

Tool for running transformations on columns in a SQLite database.

⚠️ This tool is no longer maintained

I added a new tool to sqlite-utils called sqlite-utils convert which provides a super-set of the functionality originally provided here. sqlite-transform is no longer maintained, and I recommend switching to using sqlite-utils convert instead.

How to install

pip install sqlite-transform

parsedate and parsedatetime

These subcommands will run all values in the specified column through dateutils.parser.parse() and replace them with the result, formatted as an ISO timestamp or ISO date.

For example, if a row in the database has an opened column which contains 10/10/2019 08:10:00 PM, running the following command:

sqlite-transform parsedatetime my.db mytable opened

Will result in that value being replaced by 2019-10-10T20:10:00.

Using the parsedate subcommand here would result in 2019-10-10 instead.

In the case of ambiguous dates such as 03/04/05 these commands both default to assuming American-style mm/dd/yy format. You can pass --dayfirst to specify that the day should be assumed to be first, or --yearfirst for the year.

jsonsplit

The jsonsplit subcommand takes columns that contain a comma-separated list, for example a tags column containing records like "trees,park,dogs" and converts it into a JSON array ["trees", "park", "dogs"].

This is useful for taking advantage of Datasette's Facet by JSON array feature.

sqlite-transform jsonsplit my.db mytable tags

It defaults to splitting on commas, but you can specify a different delimiter character using the --delimiter option, for example:

sqlite-transform jsonsplit \
    my.db mytable tags --delimiter ';'

Values within the array will be treated as strings, so a column containing 123,552,775 will be converted into the JSON array ["123", "552", "775"].

You can specify a different type for these values using --type int or --type float, for example:

sqlite-transform jsonsplit \
    my.db mytable tags --type int

This will result in that column being converted into [123, 552, 775].

lambda for executing your own code

The lambda subcommand lets you specify Python code which will be executed against the column.

Here's how to convert a column to uppercase:

sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn --code='str(value).upper()'

The code you provide will be compiled into a function that takes value as a single argument. You can break your function body into multiple lines, provided the last line is a return statement:

sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn --code='value = str(value)
return value.upper()'

You can also specify Python modules that should be imported and made available to your code using one or more --import options:

sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable mycolumn \
    --code='"\n".join(textwrap.wrap(value, 10))' \
    --import=textwrap

The --dry-run option will output a preview of the transformation against the first ten rows, without modifying the database.

Saving the result to a separate column

Each of these commands accepts optional --output and --output-type options. These can be used to save the result of the transformation to a separate column, which will be created if the column does not already exist.

To save the result of jsonsplit to a new column called json_tags, use the following:

sqlite-transform jsonsplit my.db mytable tags \
  --output json_tags

The type of the created column defaults to text, but a different column type can be specified using --output-type. This example will create a new floating point column called float_id with a copy of each item's ID increased by 0.5:

sqlite-transform lambda my.db mytable id \
  --code 'float(value) + 0.5' \
  --output float_id \
  --output-type float

You can drop the original column at the end of the operation by adding --drop.

Splitting a column into multiple columns

Sometimes you may wish to convert a single column into multiple derived columns. For example, you may have a location column containing latitude,longitude values which you wish to split out into separate latitude and longitude columns.

You can achieve this using the --multi option to sqlite-transform lambda. This option expects your --code function to return a Python dictionary: new columns well be created and populated for each of the keys in that dictionary.

For the latitude,longitude example you would use the following:

sqlite-transform lambda demo.db places location \
  --code 'return {
    "latitude": float(value.split(",")[0]),
    "longitude": float(value.split(",")[1]),
  }' --multi

The type of the returned values will be taken into account when creating the new columns. In this example, the resulting database schema will look like this:

CREATE TABLE [places] (
    [location] TEXT,
    [latitude] FLOAT,
    [longitude] FLOAT
);

The code function can also return None, in which case its output will be ignored.

You can drop the original column at the end of the operation by adding --drop.

Disabling the progress bar

By default each command will show a progress bar. Pass -s or --silent to hide that progress bar.