Project background: Using SQLite and Datasette with Fly Volumes
Install this plugin in the same environment as Datasette.
$ datasette install datasette-publish-fly
Deploying read-only data
First, install the
flyctl command-line tool by following their instructions.
flyctl auth signup to create an account there, or
flyctl auth login if you already have one.
You can now use
datasette publish fly to publish one or more SQLite database files:
datasette publish fly my-database.db --app="my-data-app"
The argument you pass to
--app will be used for the URL of your application:
To update an application, run the publish command passing the same application name to the
Your application will be deployed at
https://your-app-name.fly.io/ - be aware that it may take several minutes to start working the first time you deploy it.
Using Fly volumes for writable databases
Fly Volumes provide persistant disk storage for Fly applications. Volumes can be 1GB or more in size and the Fly free tier includes 3GB of volume space.
⚠️You should only run a single instance of your application if your database accepts writes. Fly has excellent support for running multiple instances in different geographical regions, but
datasette-publish-flywith volumes is not yet compatible with that model. You should probably use Fly PostgreSQL instead.
Here's how to deploy
datasette-tiddlywiki with authentication provided by
First, you'll need to create a root password hash to use to sign into the instance.
You can do that by installing the plugin and running the
datasette hash-password command, or by using this hosted tool.
The hash should look like
pbkdf2_sha256$... - you'll need this for the next step.
In this example we're also deploying a read-only database called
Pick a name for your new application, then run the following:
datasette publish fly \ content.db \ --app your-application-name \ --create-volume 1 \ --create-db tiddlywiki \ --install datasette-auth-passwords \ --install datasette-tiddlywiki \ --plugin-secret datasette-auth-passwords root_password_hash 'pbkdf2_sha256$...'
This will create the new application, deploy the
content.db read-only database, create a 1GB volume for that application, create a new database in that volume called
tiddlywiki.db, then install the two plugins and configure the password you specified.
Updating applications that use a volume
Once you have deployed an application using a volume, you can update that application without needing the
--create-db options. To add the datasette-graphq plugin to your deployed application you would run the following:
datasette publish fly \ content.db \ --app your-application-name \ --install datasette-auth-passwords \ --install datasette-tiddlywiki \ --install datasette-graphql \ --plugin-secret datasette-auth-passwords root_password_hash 'pbkdf2_sha256$...' \
Since the application name is the same you don't need the
--create-db options - these are persisted automatically between deploys.
You do need to specify the full list of plugins that you want to have installed, and any plugin secrets.
You also need to include any read-only database files that are part of the instance -
content.db in this example - otherwise the new deployment will not include them.
Advanced volume usage
datasette publish fly will add a volume called
datasette to your Fly application. You can customize the name using the
--volume name custom_name option.
Fly can be used to scale applications to run multiple instances in multiple regions around the world. This works well with read-only Datasette but is not currently recommended using Datasette with volumes, since each Fly replica would need its own volume and data stored in one instance would not be visible in others.
If you want to use multiple instances with volumes you will need to switch to using the
flyctl command directly. The
--generate-dir option, described below, can help with this.
Generating without deploying
--generate-dir option to generate a directory that can be deployed to Fly rather than deploying directly:
datasette publish fly my-database.db \ --app="my-generated-app" \ --generate-dir /tmp/deploy-this
You can then manually deploy your generated application using the following:
cd /tmp/deploy-this flyctl apps create my-generated-app flyctl deploy
datasette publish fly --help
Usage: datasette publish fly [OPTIONS] [FILES]... Deploy an application to Fly that runs Datasette against the provided database files. Usage example: datasette publish fly my-database.db --app="my-data-app" Full documentation: https://datasette.io/plugins/datasette-publish-fly Options: -m, --metadata FILENAME Path to JSON/YAML file containing metadata to publish --extra-options TEXT Extra options to pass to datasette serve --branch TEXT Install datasette from a GitHub branch e.g. main --template-dir DIRECTORY Path to directory containing custom templates --plugins-dir DIRECTORY Path to directory containing custom plugins --static MOUNT:DIRECTORY Serve static files from this directory at /MOUNT/... --install TEXT Additional packages (e.g. plugins) to install --plugin-secret <TEXT TEXT TEXT>... Secrets to pass to plugins, e.g. --plugin- secret datasette-auth-github client_id xxx --version-note TEXT Additional note to show on /-/versions --secret TEXT Secret used for signing secure values, such as signed cookies --title TEXT Title for metadata --license TEXT License label for metadata --license_url TEXT License URL for metadata --source TEXT Source label for metadata --source_url TEXT Source URL for metadata --about TEXT About label for metadata --about_url TEXT About URL for metadata --spatialite Enable SpatialLite extension --region TEXT Fly region to deploy to, e.g sjc - see https://fly.io/docs/reference/regions/ --create-volume INTEGER RANGE Create and attach volume of this size in GB [x>=1] --create-db TEXT Names of read-write database files to create --volume-name TEXT Volume name to use -a, --app TEXT Name of Fly app to deploy [required] -o, --org TEXT Name of Fly org to deploy to --generate-dir DIRECTORY Output generated application files and stop without deploying --show-files Output the generated Dockerfile, metadata.json and fly.toml --setting SETTING... Setting, see docs.datasette.io/en/stable/settings.html --crossdb Enable cross-database SQL queries --help Show this message and exit.
To contribute to this tool, first checkout the code. Then create a new virtual environment:
cd datasette-publish-fly python -m venv venv source venv/bin/activate
Or if you are using
Now install the dependencies and test dependencies:
pip install -e '.[test]'
To run the tests:
The tests in
tests/test_integration.py make actual calls to Fly to deploy a test application.
These tests are skipped by default. If you have
flyctl installed and configured, you can run the integration tests like this:
pytest --integration -s
-s option here ensures that output from the deploys will be visible to you - otherwise it can look like the tests have hung.
The tests will create applications on Fly that start with the prefix
publish-fly-temp- and then delete them at the end of the run.